If you are a sexually active man or woman, there is need to get tested for Chlamydia. Like other common STIs, the lack of symptoms does not necessarily mean that you do not have Chlamydia as some people do not notice any symptoms and thus, you should regularly go for Chlamydia testing as long as you are sexually active. The condition is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. Chlamydia can be passed from one infected person to another through anal, vaginal and oral sex. It can also be passed on from one person to another through sharing of sex toys. The best way to protect yourself is to practice safe sex. You should use a condom every time you have sex and only have one sex partner. During oral sex, you should use a dental dam to cover the female genitals. Sex toys should be thoroughly washed after use or covered by a new condom before use.
What are the symptoms of Chlamydia?
If you are worried about Chlamydia or you have had unprotected sex, you should get tested. You should note that about 50-percent of men and 70-percent of women do not experience symptoms and when they occur, they can be easily mistaken for other STIs. In cases where the symptoms occur, they usually appear after one week from the time a person engaged in unprotected sex but the Chlamydia symptoms can also take up to three weeks to show. In some occasions, the infection only gets noticed after spreading to other parts of the body.
In women, the presence of Chlamydia can be indicated by the presence of pain when urinating, also, an increase in vaginal discharge, random bleeding between periods, bleeding after sex, and pain during sex and pain in the lower abdomen when having sex. In men, the symptoms range from discharge from the penis to itching or burning with urination, rectal pain or bleeding, and pain or swelling in one or both testicles.
Chlamydia testing and treatment
Anyone who is sexually active can get Chlamydia but the risk of infection is high among young people. In fact, experts recommend that sexually active women below the ages of 25 should go for Chlamydia testing at least once annually. Chlamydia commonly infects the urethra, cervix, and rectum but on some occasions, it can infect the throat. It is also worth noting that the infection can be spread to other body parts such as the eye through touch. Furthermore, the infection can be passed from mother to child during childbirth. If that happens, the child can suffer blindness and even pneumonia.
Like any other STI, Chlamydia can lead to complications if it is not detected and treated early. If the condition is not treated early enough, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease affecting the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes in women. It can also cause inflammation of the cervix, inflammation of the fallopian tubes and even blockage of the Bartholin’s glands. The advanced cases of Chlamydia can cause infertility in women. In men, the condition can cause epididymitis, urethritis and reactive arthritis. Chlamydia testing and treatment is easy and straightforward. It can be done using urine or a swab. If the test comes out positive, the condition is treated with antibiotics.
In order to get the actual result, you should only test Chlamydia using the first catch urine. You should also not urinate for at least two hours before providing the sample. Women should also not cleanse the labial area before proving the specimen. You should be careful when giving the urine to avoid diluting the sample. If the test comes out positive, you should avoid sex until the infection is treated to avoid spreading it to your partner. Your partner should also get tested as you can also get another infection after treatment.